Using variables, data information, BD in Cucumber

Hello everyone again 🙂

I will describe to you how we can use some data and variables in ours features of cucumber. For this I will use the same last example of feature, the search. To use this data, we will have to change somethings. Look:

Feature: Search

Scenario Outline: Search                                   > Don’t forget to write Scenario Outline when you use Examples.

And look for: “<keyword>”

|keyword |
|Nike |
|Paris |

The keyword is the variable, that I will use to substitute the data in the table of Examples. This table Examples should be this name “Examples:”. I already tried others name and the cucumber don’t recognise others names of BD. So this table with data should be this format too:


|variable1|variable2|variable3|… >This is the title of each field, variables

|Data 1| Data 2| Data 3|… > This is the data of each column that will be used in the first interaction

|Data 4| Data 5| Data 6|… > This is the data of each column that will be used in the second interaction

|Data 7| Data 8| Data 9|… > This is the data of each column that will be used in the third interaction

… and this is the way ahead.

Don’t forget the |, these are the lines of each column, and they separate the datas. In my example, the cucumber will execute the first search with the keyword = Nike and the second search with keyword = Paris and after the execution will be stopped. Because I don’t have more data to use in the table.

You can just run the command: cucumberand the calabash will show you in yellow of your terminal, what is the step missed. So you need copy this step and put in the file of ruby.

Given(/^look for: “(.*?)”$/) do |arg1|

After this you can implement the code in ruby that this step will do. Look that this step that calabash showed to you has a regex in the local of your variable. This is normal, and you have to have a regex in the local of the variables.

After this, you can just change the name of this variable. In the final of sentence this variable is showed like: |arg1| and I changedfor the title of the field in the feature’s table . Look, everything that between | is a variable that you can use in the code. And my code was:

#encoding: utf-8
require ‘calabash-cucumber’
require ‘calabash-cucumber/keyboard_helpers’

Given(/^look for: “(.*?)”$/) do |keyword|
tap ‘icon openmenu’
touch(“Label text:’buscar'”)
keyboard_enter_text keyword

Just this, now it is only run the command cucumber and wait for results !

I hope that I have helped you guys 🙂

I will post many examples, with more fields after. Just an observation: Cucumber have a limit of this fields and you can’t have many tables inside of Examples. If you have many scenarios inside this feature you can have another table of Examples, but each table should be after each scenario.

Bye !!

Cucumber and the steps

Hello everybody !

Now you can write your steps in cucumber and implement in ruby and calabash… I am using Sublime, but you can use whatever IDE that supports ruby to write the features and the rb.

Steps – Example:

Feature: Search – True And False Results      # This is the name of the feature

Scenario Outline: Search                                 # This is the name of scenario

And look for: something                              # This is one step

And save the file like Search.feature -> in the folder features (Remember the folders of calabash have to stay inside of project’s folder), in this case I wrote a case of search of an app.

If you run now, without write the ruby file, the console will show the step you have to use in the ruby file, the calabash changes somethings of your feature to run in ruby.

And the code in ruby is:

#encoding: utf-8
require ‘calabash-cucumber’
require ‘calabash-cucumber/keyboard_helpers’

Given look for: something do                     # This is the step of the feature
tapicon openmenu‘                                   # This is the command to tap in something in your app, you have to know first a id or label (I will explain how you can take this informations in a next post)
sleep 3                                                       # This command is to stop the execution for 3 seconds
touch(Label text:buscar‘”)                       # This command is to touch, like the tap, but you can use this command with querys too, different of tap that just use label or id
keyboard_enter_text something             # This command is to write something in the field wich you touched in the last command
end                                                            # This finalize this step, you have to write this every final of step

Save the file like Search.rb inside the folder step_definitions. Don’t forget the words in bold, every file of ruby and calabash have to have this words on head. This means that you have to import the lib of cucumber in this file and the file will accept the words of your feature file.

Run cucumber in the terminal, you have to inside of the project’s folder.

If the simulator don’t open, you have to write the local that your app is inside the param APP_BUNDLE_PATH. So will stay like this:

APP_BUNDLE_PATH=”Local of your app” cucumber 

If you wants open the console, the command is:

calabash-ios console

If the console don’t open for the same reason in the step here, you have to write the param of APP_BUNDLE_PATH again.

APP_BUNDLE_PATH=”Local of your app” calabash-ios console

If you wants install another lib in ruby you have to install in your terminal. I had to install a lib to generate a CPF. The command is:

gem install cpf_cnpj

After this, I just had import in the file of ruby like we did with cucumber, and stay like this:

require ‘cpf_cnpj

For now it is this 🙂  I will write many things about this in next time !

Bye Bye !!

Cucumber – First Steps

Hello Guys !

I hope that you didn’t had any problem with installation, BUT how I had, I will put some solutions and some things that I discovered using everyday.

1 – The calabash don’t support IOS 7, you have to start with instruments (But I still didn’t get) and nevertheless you can’t use the tool record and play for the drag gesture.

2 – If your app isn’t generated in the root folder, you have to write in the inside the Support’s folder where is your app builded with framework. Like, I generated with my user, rafaela, so the initial folder is: Users/rafaela/Library… and for calabash find the app alone, you have to builded the app in /var/root/Library….

3 – When I have to start the app with console, I have to write the folder where it is, for the same reasons in the step before, like: APP_BUNDLE_PATH=”XXX/XxxxxX/DerivedData/” calabash-ios console