How take a property inside an element in calabash-ios and calabash-android

Hello mate !


I am writing about “How take a property inside an element in calabash-ios”, look the examples:


– This query is taking the property :TextContent for the element in a web page.


 query("WebView css:'#testid'")[1]["textContent"]

– This query is taking the property :TextContent for the element.


 query("Label index:1",:textContent)

– Look when you want a sub-property:



[0] {

     "id" => "login_button",

     "enabled" => true,

     "contentDescription" => nil,

     "class" => "android.widget.Button",

     "text" => "Login",

     "rect" => {

     "center_y" => 545.0,

     "center_x" => 639.5,

     "height" => 64,

     "y" => 513,

     "width" => 195,

     "x" => 542




– This query is taking the property inside the group of properties.





– This query is taking the property :TextContent for the element in a web page.

 query("WebView css:'#testid'",:textContent)
– This query is taking the property :TextContent for the element.


 query("Label index:1",:textContent)

– Look when you want a sub-property:



[0] {

     "id" => "login_button",

     "enabled" => true,

     "contentDescription" => nil,

     "class" => "android.widget.Button",

     "text" => "Login",

     "rect" => {

     "center_y" => 545.0,

     "center_x" => 639.5,

     "height" => 64,

     "y" => 513,

     "width" => 195,

     "x" => 542





– This query is taking the property inside the group of properties.


 query("Label index:1",:rect,:y)

If you need help or have some comment to do, please write below 🙂
Thank you !


Swipe and Drag – Calabash iOS and Android

Hi guys !!
I am writing examples of swipe and drag on mobile devices with calabash today. Some methods that you can use to test, these drags have the same action as the swipe. (If for some reason the swipe don’t work)
  def swipe_page_to_left
    performAction('swipe', 'left')

  def swipe_page_to_right
    performAction('swipe', 'right')

  def scroll_to_right
    performAction('drag', 90, 0, 50, 50, 50)

  def scroll_to_left
    performAction('drag', 0, 90, 50, 50, 50)

def scroll_to_up
   performAction('drag', 88, 80, 90, 90, 5)

 def scroll_to_down
    performAction('drag', 70, 10, 80, 0, 3)

Change to down, left or right:


If you have some question or suggest just write below !
Thank you 🙂

Simulate turn off wifi/connection on devices and simulators

Simulate disable network


Device/Simulator – Android:

%x(adb shell am start -a android.intent.action.MAIN -n

(For selecting Next element on the screen)
%x(adb shell input keyevent 20)

(For selecting previous element on the screen)
%x(adb shell input keyevent 19)

(For clicking on the selected element)
%x(adb shell input keyevent 23)

So you have to use select next or select previous key events and then you the click event to toggel the wifi.

Simulator – Android:

def disable_network
%x(adb shell svc wifi disable)

def enable_network
%x(adb shell svc wifi enable)

Device/Simulator – IOS:

First, setup a WiFi router that you can use for testing.

You can turn on Airplane mode on the phone, then turn WiFi back on. This will prevent the 3G connection from providing data access.

Launch your application. Now you can simply disconnect your WiFi router to simulate a loss of connectivity.

So the only option available is switch on airplane mode on phone and connect it to the wifi. Once you want to disconnect wifi switch off the wifi router itself. You can use any laptop to create the testing wifi access point.

Summarizing you have to connect your device in a wifi connection that you can control with System commands, the problem is that you will lost the connection of your machine.

def disable_network
%x[ifconfig Wi-Fi down]
%x[ifconfig en4 down]

def enable_network
%x[ifconfig Wi-Fi up]
%x[ifconfig en4 up]

But if you have an android phone you can easily create a portable wifi Hotspot which can be controlled using adb commands.


15 Expert Tips for Using Cucumber

Hey guys, I found these excellent tips to who are working with Cucumber and Calabash. Try follow each one to get more performance and use the best practices always 🙂

1. Feature Files Should Actually be Features, Not Entire Portions of an App

One feature per well named file, please, and keep the features focused.

2. Avoid Inconsistencies with Domain Language

You’ll get the most benefit out of using Cucumber when your customers are involved. To that end, make sure you use their domain language when you write stories. The best course of action is to have them involved in writing the stories.

3. Organize Your Features and Scenarios with the Same Thought You Give to Organizing Your Code

One useful way to organize things is by how fast they run. Use 2-3 levels of granularity for this:

  • Fast: scenarios that run very fast, e.g. under 1/10 of a second
  • Slow: scenarios that are slower but not painfully so, maybe under one second each
  • Glacial: scenarios that take a really long time to run

You can do this separation several different ways (and even some combination):

  • Put them in separate features
  • Put them in separate subdirectories
  • Tag them

4. Use Tags

Tags are a great way to organize your features and scenarios in non functional ways. You could use @small, @medium and @large, or maybe @hare, @tortoise, and @sloth. Using tags let you keep a feature’s scenarios together structurally, but run them separately. It also makes it easy to move features/scenarios between groups, and to have a given feature’s scenarios split between groups.

The advantage of separating them this way is that you can selectively run scenarios at different times and/or frequencies, i.e. run faster scenarios more often, or run really big/slow scenarios overnight on a schedule.

Tagging has uses beyond separating scenarios into groups based on how fast they are:

  • When they should be run: on @checkin, @hourly, @daily
  • What external dependencies they have: @local, @database, @network
  • Level: @functional, @system, @smoke
  • Etc.

5. Use Rake Tasks to Run Features

This provides a consistent environment for running features: this way each run uses the same set of options and parameters. This goes a long way toward maintaining deterministic results.

Another benefit is that this makes for easy integration with continuous integration tools. There is a single point of entry into the spec run, with all options/parameters encapsulated.

6. Don’t Get Carried Away with Backgrounds (Stick to Givens)

The larger the background, the greater the load of understanding for each scenario. Scenarios that contain all the details are self-contained and as such, can be more understandable at a glance.

7. Make Scenarios Independent and Deterministic

There shouldn’t be any sort of coupling between scenarios. The main source of such coupling is state that persists between scenarios. This can be accidental, or worse, by design. For example one scenario could step through adding a record to a database, and subsequent scenarios depend on the existence of that record.

This may work, but will create a problem if the order in which scenarios run changes, or they are run in parallel. Scenarios need to be completely independent.

Each time a scenario runs, it should run the same, giving identical results. The purpose of a scenario is to describe how your system works. If you don’t have confidence that this is always the case, then it isn’t doing its job. If you have non-deterministic scenarios, find out why and fix them.

8. Write Scenarios for the Non-Happy-Path Cases As Well

Happy path tests are easy; edge cases and failure scenarios take more thought and work. Here’s where having some good (and yet pathological) testers on the team can reap rewards.

Use rcov with your full Cucumber runs to find holes in coverage.

9. Be DRY: Refactor and Reuse Step Definitions

Especially look for the opportunity to make reusable step definitions that are not feature specific. As a project proceeds, you should be accumulating a library of step definitions. Ideally, you will end up with step definitions that can be used across projects.

10. Use a Library (Such as Chronic) for Parsing Time in Your Step Definitions

This allows you to use time in scenarios in a natural way. This is especially useful for relative times.

  Given a user signs up for a 30 day account

Scenario: access before expiry
  When they login in 29 days
  Then they will be let in

Scenario: access after expiry
  When they login in 31 days
  Then they will be asked to renew

11. Revisit, Refactor, and Improve Your Scenarios and Steps

Look for opportunities to generalize your steps and reuse them. You want to accumulate a reusable library of steps so that writing additional features takes less and less effort over time.

12. Refactor Language and Steps to Reflect Better Understanding of Domain

This is an extension of the previous point; as your understanding of the domain and your customer’s language/terminology improves, update the language used in your scenarios.

13. Use Compound Steps to Build Up Your Language

Compound steps (calling steps from steps) can help make your features more concise while still keeping your steps general—just don’t get too carried away. For example:

Given /^the user (.*) exists$/ do |name|
  # ...

Given /^I log in as (.*)$/ do |name|
  # ...

Given /^(.*) is logged in$/ do |name|
  Given "the user #{name} exists"
  Given "I log in as #{name}"

14. Use Parallel Step Definitions to Support Different Implementations for Features

For example, running features against Webrat and Selenium. Put these step definitions somewhere where they won’t be auto-loaded, and require them from the command line or rake task.

15. Avoid Using Conjunctive Steps

Each step should do one thing. You should not generally have step patterns containing “and.” For example:

Given A and B

should be split into two steps:

Given A
And B


Bye 🙂


Javascript and CSS – Testing on hybrid apps

Hello everyone 🙂

I am testing a hybrid app these days and I am learning a lot…Ok, but what is a hybrid app ?
Like native apps, run on the device, and are written with web technologies (HTML5, CSS and JavaScript). Hybrid apps run inside a native container, and leverage the device’s browser engine (but not the browser) to render the HTML and process the JavaScript locally. A web-to-native abstraction layer enables access to device capabilities that are not accessible in Mobile Web applications, such as the accelerometer, camera and local storage.

Summarising…. You have to test native elements mixed with web elements… Cool, don’t you think ? HaHa Hard work !

This post have some examples of a query using CSS and an action (click) using Javascript(IOS and Android platform):

Using Javascript to click: (Example)

query("webView index:1", :stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString 'document.getElementsByTagName("iframe")[0].contentWindow.document.getElementByTag("a").click()')

This example, you have to write first the WebView hat contains the HTML and after put that conversor from String to Javascript. Finally, put your code in Javascript 🙂
I don’t know many things about javascript, but you can use the console of the inspector of Chrome or Safari to identify web elements in mobiles (iphone,ipad,tablet).

Examples – CSS:

query("SlidePanelWebView index:2 css:'#articleContainer .currentPanel figure .video-play-button'")

query("SlidePanelWebView index:4 css:'#article_1 .data-copy p strong a'")

element_does_not_exist("WebView css:'.inner a'")

Below the explanation of each part to form a CSS query on Calabash:

query("WebView index:4 css:'#article_1 .data-copy p strong a [style=\'Font:Tahoma\']'")

First: Put the element and the index that contains the element that you want. How you discover this ? You can try each index according with the position where is your element. Like in the end of a page… more chances to be the last index of the element.

Second: Write css:

– Third: Inside each you will choose what properties, class, id or tag you want to use to find the element.

Fourth: When you know the id of the div or the element, you can write here. Put and then the id of the div… If the element that you want was not found until this point, you can use the id of the first div in the hierarchy. Like:

<div id:first>

<div id: second>

<element id: third></element>



In this example, you can use the id of the first div instead of the id’s element. And try writing the way to find the element with the tags or classes provided.

Fifth: Class, here you can use the class element. To identify that this is a class you need to put a . before the name of the class… And I used to write only the last name of the class when this has more then one class name. Example:

<div id:first>

<div class: class name second>



Sixth: The last thing that you should know it is about the tag name. Like <p>, <a href>, <strong>… When you want to find a tag you just write the tag names separated by space. Like:  div p a , following the example bellow.

<div class: first>


<a href: third></a>



Seventh: When you want to find a property in the middle of the css.You need to put [name of property=value of property] Like when you want to search a specific value for href: [href=], following the example bellow.

<a href:></a>


More examples of queries calabash with CSS:

query("WebView index:4 css:'#three .scrollable [data-component=buttonBlock] .sectionList li span'")

query("PanelWebView css:'#article .data-copy p strong a'")

query("View index:3 css:'.viewInactive'")


If you have any suggestion, questions or comments just write below please !

Bye !!

Summary of Calabash iOS Ruby API – Assertions

Hi guys ! I hope you are well ! Here there are many commands of calabash-ios that are very useful 🙂



fail(msg="Error. Check log for details.")


check_element_exists("view marked:'#{expected_mark}'")




touch(uiquery, options={})


irb(main):037:0> touch("view marked:'switch'")
irb(main):038:0> tap 'switch'
irb(main):040:0> touch("view marked:'First'", :offset => {:x => 50, :y => 0})
irb(main):041:0> touch(nil, :offset => {:x => 50, :y => 0})





irb(main):043:0> keyboard_enter_char "a"
irb(main):076:0> keyboard_enter_char "More"


irb(main):044:0> keyboard_enter_text "The Quick Brown Fox"



scroll(uiquery, direction)

irb(main):082:0> scroll "scrollView", :down




scroll_to_row(uiquery, number)

irb(main):081:0> scroll_to_row "tableView", 2


{:query => "tableView",
 :row => 0,
 :section => 0,
 :scroll_position => :top,
 :animate => true}
irb(main):003:0> scroll_to_cell(:row => 13, :section => 0)
=> ["; contentOffset: {0, 0}>. Delegate: LPThirdViewController, DataSource: LPThirdViewController"]

:row the row to scroll to
:section the section to scroll to
:scroll_position the position to scroll to :top, :bottom, :middle
:animate animate the scrolling or not

each_cell(options, &block)

{:query => "tableView", #the table view to act on
 :post_scroll => 0.3,  #a pause after each action taken
 :skip_if => nil, #an optional proc to skip some cells
 :animate => true #animate the scrolling?
irb(main):008:0> each_cell(:post_scroll=>0) do |row, sec|
irb(main):009:1* puts "Row #{row} in Section #{sec}"
irb(main):010:1> end
Row 0 in Section 0
Row 1 in Section 0
Row 2 in Section 0
Row 3 in Section 0
irb(main):001:0> table_labels = []
=> []

irb(main):002:0> each_cell(:animate => false, :post_scroll => 0.1) do |row, sec|
irb(main):003:1*  txt = query("tableViewCell indexPath:#{row},#{sec} label", :text).first
irb(main):004:1>  table_labels << txt irb(main):005:1> end
=> 1

irb(main):006:0> table_labels
=> ["Cell 0", "Cell 1", "Cell 2", "Cell 3", "Cell 4", "Cell 5", "Cell 6", "Cell 7", "Cell 8", "Cell 9", "Cell 10", "Cell 11", "Cell 12", "Cell 13", "Cell 14", "Cell 15", "Cell 16", "Cell 17", "Cell 18", "Cell 19", "Cell 20", "Cell 21", "Cell 22", "Cell 23", "Cell 24", "Cell 25", "Cell 26", "Cell 27", "Cell 28", "Cell 29"]




irb(main):083:0> rotate :left


(Event) Playback

playback(recording, options={})

irb(main):103:0> playback "drag_switch_around", :query => "view marked:'switch'", :offset => {:x=>2, :y=>0}

record_begin and record_end

irb(main):104:0> record_begin
=> ""
irb(main):105:0> record_end "move_down"
=> "move_down_ios5_iphone.base64"




:place => "Tower of London"
:latitude => ..., :longitude => ...



backdoor(sel, arg)

- (NSString *) calabashBackdoor:(NSString *)aIgnorable;
irb(main):002:0> backdoor("calabashBackdoor:", "")
=> "YES"



screenshot(options={:prefix=>nil, :name=>nil})

screenshot({:prefix => "/Users/krukow/tmp", :name=>"my.png"})

screenshot_embed(options={:prefix=>nil, :name=>nil, :label => nil})

screenshot_embed({:prefix => "/Users/krukow/tmp", :name=>"my.png", :label => "Mine"})





irb(main):026:0> server_version
=> {"outcome"=>"SUCCESS", "app_name"=>"LPSimpleExample-cal", "simulator_device"=>"iPhone", "iOS_version"=>"5.1", "app_version"=>"1.0", "system"=>"x86_64", "app_id"=>"com.lesspainful.example.LPSimpleExample-cal", "version"=>"0.9.126", "simulator"=>"iPhone Simulator 358.4, iPhone OS 5.1 (iPhone/9B176)"}



irb(main):027:0> client_version
=> "0.9.127.pre1"



irb(main):028:0> calabash_exit
=> []
irb(main):029:0> server_version
Errno::ECONNREFUSED: Connection refused - connect(2) (http://localhost:37265)



irb(main):007:0> quoted = escape_quotes("Karl's child")
=> "Karl\\'s child"
irb(main):008:0> query("view marked:'#{quoted}'")



macro 'I touch "Second"'

lbl = ".......a long text......"
macro %Q[I use a step with "double" quotes and 'single' and #{lbl}]



flash("TableView index:2")